Pepper is a vegetable from the group of sunflowers, full of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. The pepper is healthy and part of the recommended Mediterranean diet.
Pepper can be round or long and exists in red, yellow, orange, light green or dark green color. Pepper is native from South America, then was brought to Europe and the rest of the world. Initially, pepper was used as an ornamental and medicinal plant, and only started to be used later for food.
All peppers start out as green peppers. They get their color – whether red, yellow or orange, during maturation.
Gamba – The best known red pepper, considered the most nutritious source of vitamin C compared to other fruits and vegetables. The medium-sized red pepper contains more than 200 mg of vitamin C – three times the amount existing in an orange.
Ripe fruit contains just over 90% water, about 5% carbohydrates, vitamins and many minerals: vitamin A, vitamin 1B, 2B, 3B, 5B, 6B, 9B, vitamin C, vitamin E , vitamin K, calcium, Iron, magnesium, zinc, potassium, omega 3,6 and 9.
Pepper is low in calories (100 grams of pepper has about 20 to 25 calories), rich in dietary fiber and contributes to a feeling of satiety, so it is effective and recommended in a weight loss process.
It is interesting to know that there is no link between pepper and black pepper or white pepper.
Studies have shown that increased vitamin C – intake in red peppers – reduces the risk of cataract eye disease, which is the cause of blindness in adults.
Thanks to its antioxidants and the high amount of vitamin C, it is recommended to eat pepper daily to prevent cancer of the mouth, throat and vocal cords, esophagus, stomach, breast, intestine and lungs.
Pepper is an antioxidant that contains red and orange carotenoids, which maintain overall health, prevent disease and delay the aging process.